Mamom, J. "Digital Technology: Innovation for Malnutrition Prevention among Bedridden Elderly Patients Receiving Home-Based Palliative Care.", Vol. 47(10), Oct, 2020, p165-169.
In this innovative development design study, we aimed at examining the effects of digital technology in its use as a mobile nutrition application on the nutritional status and calorie intake for 60 Thai bedridden elderly patients receiving home-based palliative care. The elderly bedridden patients were randomized into two groups, a control group receiving routine care and an experimental group using the anti-malnutrition application. The data from a personal information record, the assessment form for body mass index, calorie intake calculation form and the record form for blood albumin levels were analyzed using descriptive statistics and t-test. The results showed that the calorie intake, blood albumin levels, and body mass index of the experimental group were significantly higher than those of the control group (p <.05). The results suggest that this application could solve the malnutrition problem in elderly bedridden patients and significantly enhance their caregivers' satisfaction. This mobile application for appropriate nutrition and calorie intake calculations can be used as a significant practical, effective health-associated innovation that promotes patients' nutritional status. It facilitates the monitoring of patients' nutritional status. It also provides caregivers with the knowledge and understanding they need to improve the home-based palliative care of the elderly bedridden patients, especially in the health crisis of the COVID-19 era.
Pansuksawat N, Earde PT, Kooncumchoo P, Rungroungdouyboon B, Pramodhyakul N., "Effects of I-Walk training on gait performances in patients with chronic stroke", Oct 2020; 64(4): p.243-254.
Objective: To determine the effects of I-Walk (Robotic-assisted gait device) training compared with over-ground walking training on motor impairments assessed by lower extremity scores, lower extremity angles during walking, and gait performances in patients with chronic stroke.
Methods: A single blinded randomized controlled trial was conducted. Twenty four chronic stroke patients were randomly assigned into two groups; experimental group (n=12) and control group (n=12). For gait performances, patients in an experimental group received I-Walk training, while those in a control group received over-ground walking training. The duration of training was 60 min per day, 3 days per week for 8 weeks. The outcome measures included motor impairments assessed by the Fugl-Meyer Assessment of Lower Extremity (FMA-LE) scores, lower extremity angles during walking (hips, knees, ankles), and gait performances (step length, cadence, walking speed, stride length, and step length symmetry ratio). All variables were measured before and after the training period.
Results: There was a statistically significant difference in motor impairments assessed by the FMA LE scores, lower extremity angles during walking on hips and knees, as well as gait performances, including step length, cadence, and walking speed, between the experimental and the control groups (p<0.05). In particular, the statistically significant changes were demonstrated in motor impairments assessed by the FMA-LE scores, lower extremity angles during walking on hips, knees, and ankles, as well as gait performances, including step length, cadence, walking speed, stride length, and step length symmetry ratio, before and after the I-Walk training in the experimental group (p<0.05).
Conclusions: The I-Walking training could yield a statistically significant improvement of motor impairments assessed by FMA-LE scores, lower extremity angles during walking, and gait performances in chronic stroke patients. Nonetheless, further studies are recommended to elucidate and ratify the effective outcomes in patients with other stages of stroke, different ranges of lower extremity, and various spatiotemporal parameters.